The significance height was regarded as 0

The significance height was regarded as 0

Within this analysis, decimal details try showed with regards to indicate and standard departure and you can stratified details with regards to quantity and you will percentages. T-decide to try was applied evaluate brand new setting and logistic regression research was applied to check on this new independent details into the postpartum despair. 05.

step three. Overall performance

After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).

The details associated with an element of the details together with prepregnancy loads, body mass index, the following and you can third trimester weight gain, and kind and you will full gaining weight during pregnancy was indeed together with mathematically analyzed. To measure her or him, the analytical take to out-of logistic regression was applied there try a serious dating anywhere between despair and you may weight gain of one’s third trimester (Otherwise = step one.17).

Depending on the number necessary of the IOM to own typical and you will over weight expectant mothers, lbs changes was indeed split up into 3 groups: useless, enough, and you will too-much, and its particular reference to despair is actually examined by the logistic regression decide to try and that didn’t reveal people significant relationships (Desk 2). Since income try notably additional ranging from depressed and you may nondepressed groups, the connection ranging from depression as well as pounds variables is actually remeasured having modified aftereffect of earnings and you can once again precisely the third trimester lbs acquire got significant experience of depression due to the effect of earnings (Or step one.17, 95%CI step 1.04-1.32) (Dining table step 3).

4. Dialogue

Once the revealed in the modern data, there clearly was zero matchmaking between initial lbs and you may first Body mass index just like the really because version of Body mass index (regular or overweight) and PPD. Evidence revealed that ladies in gestational period are at the higher threat of despair and you can studies have shown a love ranging from being obese and you can anxiety from inside the expecting and nonpregnant lady and concluded that indeed there was an amount-effect relationship involving the escalation in number one Bmi therefore the increased threat of depression while pregnant and you can postpartum .

In the current investigation, 33% away from parents that have normal Body mass index and 29.4% out-of heavy expectant mothers got positive results regarding PPD tests, even though the two teams didn’t have a difference in postpartum depression.

Consistent with the conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) indicated that the new prevalence out-of PPD symptoms in women with typical Body mass index are twenty-two.8 ± step one.2% and it also is 29.8% ± 2.5% inside over weight female in a new investigation, one of 245 pregnant women having normal weight while pregnant, seven.8% on 6-two months immediately following beginning got anxiety . We hypothesized that a great deal more Body mass index early in maternity is actually, the more possibly the mom will be to sense PPD however, the information didn’t support the hypothesis. Fox and Yamaguchi (1997) figured in comparison with prepregnancy typical lbs people, obese female had been very likely to keeps positive see about their system image and you may weight gain while pregnant and the costs from feel PPD was comparable into the one or two organizations .